TAX SHELTERED ANNUITY (TSA)* - In the United States, a retirement annuity sold only to organizations offering qualified retirement plans under section 403(b) 403(b) plan )
TAX-DEFERRED BASIS* - Accumulation of investment income on which income taxes are not payable until money is withdrawn from the investment vehicle.
TEN-DAY FREE LOOK PROVISION* - See Free-look period
TERM CERTAIN ANNUITY - An form of annuity that pays out over a fixed period rather than when the annuitant dies.
TERM LIFE INSURANCE - A form of life insurance that covers the insured person for a certain period of time, the "term" that is specified in the policy. It pays a benefit to a designated beneficiary only when the insured dies within that specified period which can be one, five, 10 or even 20 years. Term life policies are renewable but premiums increase with age.
TERRITORIAL RATING - A method of classifying risks by geographic location to set a fair price for coverage. The location of the insured may have a considerable impact on the cost of losses. The chance of an accident or theft is much higher in an urban area than in a rural one, for example.
TERRORISM COVERAGE - Included as a part of the package in standard commercial insurance policies before September 11, 2001 virtually free of charge. Since September 11, terrorism coverage prices have increased substantially to reflect the current risk.
THIRD-PARTY ADMINISTRATOR - Outside group that performs clerical functions for an insurance company.
THIRD-PARTY COVERAGE - Liability coverage purchased by the policyholder as a protection against possible lawsuits filed by a third party. The insured and the insurer are the first and second parties to the insurance contract. (See First-party coverage )
TIME DEPOSIT - Funds that are held in a savings account for a predetermined period of time at a set interest rate. Banks can refuse to allow withdrawals from these accounts until the period has expired or assess a penalty for early withdrawals.
TIME LIMIT ON CERTAIN DEFENSES PROVISION* - An individual health insurance policy provision that limits the time during which the insurer may contest the validity of the contract on the ground of misrepresentation in the application or may reduce or deny a claim on the ground it results from a preexisting condition. (See Incontestability provision )
TITLE INSURANCE - Insurance that indemnifies the owner of real estate in the event that his or her clear ownership of property is challenged by the discovery of faults in the title.
TORT - A legal term denoting a wrongful act resulting in injury or damage on which a civil court action, or legal proceeding, may be based.
TORT LAW - The body of law governing negligence, intentional interference, and other wrongful acts for which civil action can be brought, except for breach of contract, which is covered by contract law.
TORT REFORM - Refers to legislation designed to reduce liability costs through limits on various kinds of damages and through modification of liability rules.
TOTAL DISABILITY* - For disability insurance purposes, an insured‘s disability that meets the requirements of the definition of total disability included in the disability insurance policy or policy rider and that qualifies for payment of the specified disability benefits. When a disability begins, total disability is usually the complete and continuous inability of an insured to perform the essential duties of his regular occupation. After a disability has existed for a specified period, total disability usually exists only if the insured is prevented from working at any occupation for which he is reasonably fitted by education, training or experience. (See Disability, Residual disability )
TOTAL LOSS - The condition of an automobile or other property when damage is so extensive that repair costs would exceed the value of the vehicle or property.
TRANSPARENCY - A term used to explain the way information on financial matters, such as financial reports and actions of companies or markets, are communicated so that they are easily understood and frank.
TRAVEL INSURANCE - Insurance to cover problems associated with traveling, generally including trip cancellation due to illness, lost luggage and other incidents.
TREASURY SECURITIES - Interest-bearing obligations of the U.S. government issued by the Treasury as a means of borrowing money to meet government expenditures not covered by tax revenues. Marketable Treasury securities fall into three categories - bills, notes and bonds. Marketable Treasury obligations are currently issued in book entry form only; that is, the purchaser receives a statement, rather than an engraved certificate.
TREATY REINSURANCE - A standing agreement between insurers and reinsurers. Under a treaty each party automatically accepts specific percentages of the insurer‘s business.
TWISTING* - An illegal insurance sales practice, in which a sales agent misrepresents the features of a contract in order to induce the contract owner to replace his current contract, often to the disadvantage of the contract owner. (See Misrepresentation )
An amount that a person or business can subtract from the income tax that they owe. If a tax credit is refundable, the taxpayer can receive a payment from the government to the extent that the credit is greater than the amount of tax they would otherwise owe.
An amount that a person can subtract from adjusted gross income when calculating the taxes that they owe. Generally, people who itemize deductions can deduct the portion of medical expenses, including health insurance premiums, that exceeds 7.5% of their adjusted gross income. Under health reform, the threshold for deducting medical expenses increases to 10% in 2013 (this increase is waived for individuals 65 and older for tax years 2013-2016).